Most astronomers believe that the universe began in a Big Bang up to 15 billion years ago. The Big Bang model holds that the resulting universe should contain exactly the “critical density” of matter required to keep it geometrically “flat,” with just enough gravity to balance the outward momentum, slowing it down. The result: a cosmos coasting indefinitely on the verge of collapse.
Here’s the bad news for this theory. New evidence from a massive survey of the cosmos (which included 446,000 galaxies) was recently carried out by an international team using the Hubble Space Telescope. It indicates that stars and galaxies are flying apart in all directions at an ever-increasing rate – thanks to an anti-gravity boost from some kind of unseen “dark matter” of an exotic nature, of which most of the universe exists. Normal matter is only a few per cent of the total, so most of the universe is dark, dark matter and dark energy, and scientists have absolutely no clue what its physical nature is.
The Province.com quoted University of B. C. astronomer Ludovic Van Waerbeke as suggesting that dark matter is counteracting the pull of gravity on a cosmic scale. If the new results hold up, scientists said, they could have enormous ramifications for theories of cosmic “evolution.”
In other words, scientists are surprised to find that the expansion of the universe is actually accelerating, and they have no way to explain this phenomenon because it is supposed to be impossible according to the law of physics.
This of course is embarrassing, because supposedly one of the coolest things about astronomy is its ability to handle unknowns. Although much of what is visible in the universe is becoming comprehensible, with recent strides in understanding star formation, galactic structure, and spectacular events such as supernovae, it would appear that this little known component of the universe – possibly making up most of its mass – is turning out to be a puzzling nail biter.
What Dark Matter is Not
The term dark matter does not refer to dark nebulae. These are abundant interstellar clouds of dust, which block the light from background stars, and therefore appear as dark silhouettes. Nearby examples include Orion’s Horsehead nebula, the Great Rift in Cygnus and the Coal Sack near the Southern Cross. Neither does dark matter refer to dark line spectra. Stellar light spectra typically show dark lines where certain wavelengths have been absorbed by the star’s own atmospheric gases. Also, dark matter does not refer to black holes. Finally, dark matter does not involve Olber’s paradox, the profound question of why the sky is dark at night, in spite of seemingly endless stars. (CreationResearch.org)
What scientists do conjecture is that dark matter appears to be invisible “stuff” that permeates the universe and exerts gravity, but otherwise cannot be seen or detected except for the gravitational influence it has on everything. And supposedly without dark matter galaxies, and eventually the universe itself, would just fly apart.
The first time the terms missing mass and dark matter were suggested was in 1933 by Cal Tech astrophysicist Fritz Zwicky. He observed the Coma cluster, a group of at least 1,000 galaxies located 400 million light years distant. These galaxies are assumed to be gravitationally bound together. Zwicky noticed that the galaxies had random velocities, and moved much faster than expected. In fact the galaxy cluster should have disintegrated by now. This anomalous motion is likewise true of our own local group of galaxies. This local group consists of the Milky Way, Andromeda, Magellanic Clouds and about 30 other galaxies, all lying within about a three million light year region. [www.reasons.org/filling-gap]
Why have not these galaxies within clusters escaped from each other? As before, an invisible binding mass of galaxy groups is considered as dark matter. The galaxy motions suggest that the dark matter mass totals at least ten times that of all the visible galaxies. This shortfall in mass is much greater for the galaxy clusters than that within individual galaxies. The Coma cluster is found to be 90 percent missing. Another example, the Virgo cluster is 98 percent missing. That is, there is assumed to be 50 times more mass than is actually observed. (CreationResearch.org)
We now have a growing body of supporting evidence, including flat rotation curves in large spiral galaxies, larger-than-expected velocity dispersion in elliptical galaxies, and certain measured characteristics of the cosmic microwave background, all of which require the presence of dark matter for their explanation. In fact, without dark matter, scientists would be at a loss to explain where 90 percent of the matter in the universe is hiding. Based on the movement and swirling of the galaxies, scientists have calculated how much gravity there must be and how much matter is required to exert gravitational force. So far, they have found only a small fraction of that matter. Without dark matter a lot of otherwise highly successful theories are in deep trouble.
Where God Comes Into The Picture!
Science is knowledge, and is obtained by following the evidence where it leads, to discover the true explanation (or as close as we can get with our current physical knowledge). Allowing only “natural” explanations is to exclude any correct supernatural answers before you begin, which is atheistic prejudice not science.
Problem is, many scientist limit themselves by failing to factor even the possibility of intelligent force into their equations. They blindly ignore the fact that the universe and our solar system is so unique and perfect, that it could never have its genesis by chance. The theory of dark matter proves they don’t have a clue about the accelerated expansion of the universe, but neither will they give credit to creative design by an intelligent God.
Scientists are highly educated individuals staring up at that marvelous creation, studying it, measuring it, trying to comprehend it – and they still arrive at the ludicrous conclusion that it all evolved out of nothing. They are missing the transcendental vision wrapped up in that creation. That takes revelation from God:
“Then I beheld all the work of God, that a man cannot find out the work that is done under the sun: because though a man labour to seek it out, yet he shall not find it; yea farther; though a wise man think to know it, yet shall he not be able to find it. (Ecclesiastes 8:17)
It is more than evident that these gravitational observations, whether right or wrong, are proof of God’s existence and that He is holding everything together. It’s undeniably difficult not to think of Him when mentioning massive, unseen forces that influence everything in the Universe.
The Bible makes it clear that through Jesus Christ all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible (Col. 1:16). No matter how you define dark matter, it is covered by this verse.