Where do the so-called “Ice Ages” fit in Bible history? Scientific and historical journals are filled with “learned” conflicts and controversies. These conflicts are not due to a lack of factual material. There are often “too many” facts.
Controversies in philosophy, in science, in education are the direct result of hypothesizing. Theories and hypotheses by their very nature breed controversy. What is needed is a true view of the factual
material already available. Present material is more than sufficient to solve every one of the primary questions regarding man, his origin in time, and the record of his experiences.
Why don’t today’s educators know the answers to these problems? Because they have discarded the key that would unlock the answers. That key is God’s revelation of essential knowledge for man — the Bible. But men don’t want God telling them anything authoritatively. They therefore refuse even to test whether the Bible is authoritative.
Cain, History And Geology
Cain is an important figure in theology. He is equally important to history and geology. As a result of the sin of Cain the entire history of human society — and the earth’s surface — changed. Notice the Biblical record:
“And now art thou cursed from the earth … when thou tillest the ground”
Cain, says Josephus, sought to gain his livelihood by farming methods which depleted the soil:
“It shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive (or wanderer) and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth” (Gen. 4:11-12).
God put a stop to Cain’s way — the way of getting. If Cain and his heirs had been allowed to continue their agricultural pursuits, soils all over the world would long ago have been rendered unfit for
cultivation. Human life might well have been snuffed out by mass starvation.
The geological record tells us what God did to save the soil from utter depletion. Mountain chains arose where there were none before. Seas dried up. The balmy semi-tropical climate of the world rapidly shifted into torrid and frigid zones. Wherever Cain wandered his agricultural pursuits came to naught. When it should have rained, the weather turned dry. Just as he was about to reap the ripening crop, a storm blew in. Nothing turned out right. Cain was forced to turn to hunting and gathering the sparse wild fruits and berries. He and the generations who followed him eked out a wretched living. All this is recorded in geology and archaeology.
In the so-called “Tertiary” geological deposits, which follow the “Upper Cretaceous,” immense surface changes are recorded. The climate began to turn cooler. Desert regions developed in the wake of mountain building. Pluvial and arid periods fluctuated.
“Tertiary” deposits are overlain by what geologists call “Quarternary” or “Pleistocene” deposits. The climate in the northern hemisphere became even colder. Vast snowfalls engulfed the regions now
labeled Canada and Europe on our maps. The Arctic zone expanded. Fluctuations in sea level occurred.
All along the continental shore lines the changing beach levels left their mark. Many may still be seen today. Geologists mislabel this pre-Flood period “Ice Ages.”
This period witnessed the spread of human habitation around the world. Giants appeared according to Genesis. Fossil remains of giant human beings of this period have been found by geologists. This is the time of so-called “Paleolithic Man,” or “Neanderthal Man” and the “Mousterian Culture,” of the mammoth and reindeer hunters of the “Upper Paleolithic.” Their culture exactly fits the curse that befell Cain.
Cain and his descendants became wanderers and vagabonds over the face of their earth. They were reduced to hunting and gathering because the soil would not yield normal crops. These ancient changes in the weather are a type of the changes of the weather now beginning to hit the earth
in this twentieth century!
With an increase in human population over the centuries, Cain saw a way around his punishment. He reasoned that if he could monopolize the salt trade, he could become rich. Every human being needs salt to live. He headed for the region of the Dead Sea. There he built an important city and surrounded it with walls. Josephus describes it in detail. The Bible refers to it as the city of Enoch, which Cain built
and named in honor of his son (Gen. 4:17).
Archaeologists have found it — the first walled city built before the Flood. On its site was later built the post-Flood city of Jericho. The British archaeologist Miss Kenyon has devoted much time and patience to the excavation of this important discovery (see her book Digging Up Jericho).
At Jericho and all over the eastern Mediterranean lands rapid changes in culture developed. Population increased. Many village sites dot the countryside. Intermarriage of races was a consequence of the family of Cain settling among the family of Seth in the Middle East.
Numerous fossil skeletons attest to this fact mentioned in Gen. 6:1-2. The complete story of culture changes before the Flood may be easily pieced together from Emmanuel Anati’s “Palestine Before the Hebrews,” F. C. Hibben’s “Prehistoric Man in Europe” and Speiser’s afore-quoted book. “The Bible and the Ancient Near East” provides the proper sequence of cultures in its fourth chapter, “The Archaeology of Palestine,” by G. E. Wright. These and other studies make it clear that
the Flood occurred at the end of the geological epoch called the “Pleistocene.
” The “Recent” which follows geologically is the post-Flood world. This event is also marked in geological records by the sudden disappearance of many forms of animal life — especially the
Source: Compendium Of World History, Volume 2, by Dr. Herman Hoeh